Finnish citizen card and
The Finnish Government aims to increase the effectiveness, functioning
and service orientation of governance by issuing electronic identification cards to
citizens. On all administrative levels, this should improve the openness and transparency
of the administration and genuinely increase the ability of citizens to influence matters.
The Government is developing solutions for electronic identification and digital
signatures, as well as data security and data protection. The technology is based on
public key infrastructure (PKI) and the use of smart cards. The infrastructure makes it
possible to provide new kinds of services, public and private, without compromising
privacy or security.
The Finnish Population Register Centre is the Certification authority, while the
Helsinki Telephone Corporation provides the FINEID directory. The directory services issue
the certificates to citizens and civil servants and distribute lists of obsolete
certificates to network users and service providers. The certificate services, which are
provided by ICL, make it possible to develop the services for electronic exchange of
information for official purposes using the existing standardised national information